Vermilion Cliffs National Monument, Arizona, USA

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.But there are also spots of ochre, scarlet, terracotta, and sunshine yellow.There are many enchanting landscapes to be found in the 280,000-acre national monument, the most famous of which is The Wave.The undulating formation emerged during the Jurassic period when sand dunes were swept by wind over the desert and chemicals were left on the rock by runoff.


Preikestolen, Rogaland, Norway

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She was unaware, but Mother Nature provided the perfect opportunity for this photo with Preikestolen in Norway.This granite shelf looms 1,982 feet (604m) above the Lysefjord, providing panoramic views of the mountains that ring southwestern Norway.Although reaching this picture-perfect spot is no easy feat: visitors need to trek for nearly four hours while gaining more than 1,640 feet (500 meters) in elevation.

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Ice Cream Rock, Nanya Geological Hiking Trail, Taipei, Taiwan

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The Nanya Geological Hiking Trail, on Taiwan's northern coastline, sits atop an ice cream cone-shaped rock formation. .There are also several other rock formations on the 0.3 mile trail that have equally whimsical names, such as Bamboo Shoot Rock and Fur Seal Rock.


Danxia landforms, Zhangye Danxia National Geological Park, Gansu Province, China

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Rainbow stripes extend across China's Danxia landforms almost like they've been painted on.However, they're actually the result of a complex geologic process.Sandstone and other minerals left in rivers formed distinctive layers millions of years ago.Later, the collision of tectonic plates led to the formation of mountains on the land, which gradually raised above sea level.UNESCO has designated Zhangye Danxia National Geological Park, often referred to as the Rainbow Mountains in southwest China, as a national geological park.


Giants Causeway, Antrim Coast, Northern Ireland, UK

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It may surprise you to find out that this multicolored mountain was only discovered in 2015 after the snow that had once covered it melted away.The rainbow colors on the Peruvian Andes can be attributed to different minerals within layers of sedimentary rock that weathered over time and produced different colour minerals.Despite its stunning appearance, the discovery of the peak is not exactly a cause for celebration. Climate change has melted away the ice cap more quickly than it did previously.


.Though the name is misleading, only nine of these limestone sea stacks exist (12 is a biblical reference), and in the 2000s two of them collapsed.During sunset, when the sun is lower in the sky, they're most beautiful when illuminated by gold hues.

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A collection of chalk stacks, Old Harry Rocks stretch out from the coast like broken pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.Technically, "Old Harry" refers to the stack furthest out to sea - there used to be another one nearby called Old Harry's wife, which went down in 1896 - but the name is applied to the whole group.On Dorset's stunning Jurassic Coast, the rock formations are connected to The Needles on the Isle of Wight, but the line of hills that once connected them have been eroded by the last ice age.



This photo cannot capture the ever-changing beauty of Antelope Canyon, which looks radically different throughout the day, depending on how the light hits it.Water has carved the red sandstone slot canyon in Page, Arizona, into a wavelike shape over thousands of years.As an interesting aside, the ravine is called by Navajo people "the place where water runs through rocks," since it is located on land belonging to the LeChee Chapter of the Navajo Nation.

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Ayers Rock (Uluru) is the largest monolith in the world which towers 1,142 feet (348 m) above the surrounding desert. .A scientist says Uluru dates from around 500 million years ago, around the same time the Australian continent was formed.



A rock formation can't get much more gravity-defying than this.A 20-foot (6m) basalt column is eroded to the point where only a corner is attached to the rock below, which looks like it could collapse at anytime.The hike starts with a ferry ride from Digby Neck on the mainland, followed by a 1.6-mile roundtrip hike with 235 steps to reach the end.

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Located in Hunan Province, China, Wulingyuan's craggy peaks are covered in a dense subtropical forest. .Here, supposedly, is where movie director James Cameron drew inspiration for the fictional world of Avatar (2009).




The national park is one of the most spectacular places on Earth to see hoodoos and is filled with an inordinate number of these magnificent spires.50 million years ago, rocks were first deposited at the bottom of a river basin, then elevated due to the uplifting of tectonic plates.Later, weathering and erosion eroded the rocks, leaving behind the unusual pillars seen today.Especially spectacular at sunset and sunrise, as well as under a fresh sprinkling of snow.


Wave Rock got its name for no particular reason.Many tourists pose surfer-style on the granite face of Hyden, Western Australia's 360-feet-long cliff.Even leaving aside its novelty value, this landform was formed 2,700 million years ago and its characteristic stripes are the result of water flowing down its face, depositing chemicals along the way.




The Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park in Madagascar is home to some of the world's most beautiful rock formations, but few visitors have ever been there.The UNESCO World Heritage Site can only be reached using a dirt road - which is inaccessible for half the year due to the rainy season - and a ferry crossing crocodile-filled waters.For the journey across the limestone karst, visitors will have to climb ladders and suspension bridges wearing a safety harness.

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There is no way to show the diversity of Yehliu Geopark's rock-formed landscape in one picture. .In profile, one of them is reminiscent of a monarch, so it's called "The Queen's Head".Furthermore, these are some of the only hoodoos known to exist in coastal areas.


The park lost the famous Wall Arch in 2008, but it still has a number of stunning rock formations to choose from.More than 2,000, in fact.It is located in Moab in the eastern part of Utah and is made of red sandstone that dates back 65 million years and has been shaped by rain, wind, frost, and snow.

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They are named for the color of the hills when the verdant grasses that cover them dry up in the dry season, just like lumps of chocolate.Filipino legend states that the hill covers about 19 square miles (50 square kilometers) on Bohol Island, and that they were created after two giants engaged in a fight.As they threw rocks at each other, rocks were left behind.According to geologists, it's hard to tell how they formed.According to one theory, they were formed by limestone erosion underwater and then lifted up by tectonic plate movement.


Bastei combines natural beauty with man's engineering prowess.Hundreds of thousands of years ago, underwater sandstone spires appeared in Saxon Switzerland National Park.Tourists were enticed to the site via a wooden bridge built in the early 1800s.An entirely new bridge was built in 1851 out of sandstone.Although it reaches a height of more than 1,000 feet (305m), crossing it is not something that should be taken lightly.

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With a height of 235 feet (72m), Haystack Rock attracts visitors from around the world.Cannon Beach's enormous monolith was formed by lava flows from the Blue Mountains and the Columbia Basin, which also created many other sea stacks along the Oregon coast.When the tide sweeps out, colourful starfish, anemones, crabs and corals are revealed at its base.

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From a geological viewpoint, Fingal's Cave is like Northern Ireland's Giant's Causeway's long-lost half-sibling. .There is a legend about Finn McCool and Bernadonner fighting in the cave and claims the cave inspired famous individuals from William Wordsworth to Queen Victoria.


The cliffs of Hunstanton in Norfolk are some of Britain's most captivating.Their three layers are brown carstone at the base, red chalk (which gains its colour from oxidization) in the middle, and white chalk at the top. They were formed between 135 and 70 million years ago.It became a popular tourist destination during the Victorian era, and since then it has retained its time-honoured appeal, with many visitors choosing to walk the mile-long beach overlooked by the striped cliffs.

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With sweeping prairie surrounding it on all sides, the 1,267-foot (386m) Devils Tower only appears more dramatic.As the site of sacred rituals of indigenous groups, including the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Kiowa and Lakota, it is located on Wyoming's Northern Plains.The flat-topped condition is likely the result of lava pushing upwards and colliding with hard rock, forcing the lava to spread outwards.